created Wed, Mar 18, 2020 - updated Fri, Apr 17, 2020

(I'm so thankful that I don't use social media.)



Excerpts from the symptoms page:

The primary symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough and shortness of breath. Some people also experience fatigue, headaches and, less frequently, diarrhea. Cases can range from mild to moderate to severe. About 80 percent of cases so far seem to be mild, according to the World Health Organization.

To prevent the coronavirus from spreading, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends washing hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or using a hand sanitizer if a sink isn't available. The WHO says people should wear face masks only if they're sick or caring for someone who is.

The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close proximity to one another: within about 6 feet. It spreads primarily through respiratory droplets that are spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Those droplets can land in the mouth or nose of someone nearby, and possibly infect them.

According to the CDC, it may be possible for a person to become infected by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes. But experts believe the virus spreads mostly through contact with other people.

Links of interest

Jun 1, 2020

Confirmed deaths (absolute) Population (in millions) Deaths per million
Belgium 9,388 11.42 821.92
Spain 27,119 46.72 580.41
United Kingdom 37,837 66.49 569.07
Italy 33,142 60.43 548.42
France 28,625 66.99 427.32
Sweden 4,266 10.18 418.93
Netherlands 5,903 17.23 342.58
Ireland 1,639 4.85 337.69
United States 101,473 327.17 310.16
Switzerland 1,919 8.52 225.33
Ecuador 3,313 17.08 193.92
Canada 6,982 37.06 188.4
Portugal 1,369 10.28 133.15
Peru 4,099 31.99 128.14
Brazil 26,754 209.47 127.72
Germany 8,472 82.93 102.16
Denmark 568 5.8 97.97
Iran 7,627 81.8 93.24
Moldova 282 3.55 79.53
Panama 320 4.18 76.61
Austria 668 8.85 75.51
Mexico 9,044 126.19 71.67
Romania 1,235 19.47 63.42
North Macedonia 121 2.08 58.09
Finland 313 5.52 56.72
Turkey 4,461 82.32 54.19
Hungary 517 9.77 52.92
Slovenia 108 2.07 52.24
Estonia 66 1.32 49.97
Chile 890 18.73 47.52
Bosnia and Herzegovina 153 3.32 46.03
Dominican Republic 485 10.63 45.64
Kuwait 185 4.14 44.72
Norway 236 5.31 44.41
Puerto Rico 131 3.2 41
Armenia 113 2.95 38.28
Serbia 241 6.98 34.52
Israel 284 8.88 31.97
Czechia 319 10.63 30.02

Norway has had a much lower Covid-19 death toll compared to Sweden, relative to their respective population totals. Sweden's relative death toll is higher than the U.S.'s.

May 30, 2020:
"Sweden’s COVID Death Rate Now Ten Times Higher than Norway’s"

According to the Worldometers website, 435 out of every one million Swedes have died from the virus, while the virus has killed 44 out of every million Norwegians.

Norway imposed a lockdown to slow the spread of the coronavirus early on March 12, but the country reopened schools early in May. “Our goal is that by June 15 we will have reopened most of the things that were closed,” Norway’s prime minister said at a press conference earlier this month.

Its neighbor Sweden, by contrast, took a more lax approach: The government banned events with more than 50 people and shut down universities and secondary schools but imposed few other restrictions.

Swedish government officials said lockdowns could do little to save lives over the long term and that their more lax approach would let their society reach herd immunity more quickly and lessen the economic pain the country would endure. “About 30 percent of people in Stockholm have reached a level of immunity,” Karin Ulrika Olofsdotter, the Swedish ambassador to the United States, told NPR on April 26. “We could reach herd immunity in the capital as early as next month.”

But a recent study found that just 7.3 percent of Stockholm residents tested positive for coronavirus antibodies at the end of April. “I think herd immunity is a long way off, if we ever reach it,” Bjorn Olsen, professor of infectious medicine at Uppsala University, told Reuters.

The end of April. ??? That's a month ago. And why kind of testing procedure has Sweden used to test for antibodies?

"Coronavirus: Norway wonders if it should have been more like Sweden" - "Cost of lockdown sees prime minister raise questions about strategy"

Another stats website:

New coronavirus losing potency, top Italian doctor says

Thu, May 21, 2020

The state government shutdowns and re-openings do not make sense. The management should be regional without state borders.

Lucas County, Ohio is home for Toledo.

Lucas County Covid-19 deaths as of 5/20/20 = 214.

Kent County, Michigan is home for Grand Rapids.

Kent County Covid-19 deahs as 5/20/20 = 60.,_Ohio

As of the 2010 census, the population was 441,815.

48.44 deaths per 100,000 people.,_Michigan

As of the 2010 census, the county had a population of 602,622

9.96 deaths per 100,000 people.

Lucas County has had 4.86 times as many deaths per 100,000 people as Kent Couty.

Detroit, Michigan has been one of the hardest hit areas in the country for Covid-19.

Drive time to Detroit, according to Google maps from the following locations:

The Franklin Park Mall, located in Toledo, opened last Wednesday, eight days ago. Restaurants opened for outdoor seating last Thursday or Friday. Salons, barbers, and pet groomers opened last week too. Wed, May 13 and onward have seen many businesses open in Ohio. Today, Ohio restaurants could open for indoor seating with restrictions.

Lucas County, Ohio is far more open to something resembling normal activity than Kent County, Michigan even though Lucas County has a death toll more than three times than Kent County, and Toledo, located in Lucas County, is much closer to Wayne County (Detroit's county) than Grand Rapids, located in Kent County.

If the shutdowns and re-openings were based upon science and data and rational thought, then Lucas County should be shutdown while Kent County should be open.

Wayne County, Michigan Covid-19 death toll as of 5/20/20 = 2284.

Macomb County, Michigan Covid-19 death toll as of 5/20/20 = 763.

Oakland County, Michigan Covid-19 death toll as of 5/20/20 = 935.

Wed, May 20, 2020

Confirmed deaths (absolute) Population (in millions) Deaths per million
Belgium 9,108 11.42 797.4
Spain 27,778 46.72 594.52
Italy 32,169 60.43 532.32
United Kingdom 35,341 66.49 531.53
France 27,989 66.99 417.83
Sweden 3,743 10.18 367.57
Netherlands 5,715 17.23 331.67
Ireland 1,561 4.85 321.62
United States 91,801 327.17 280.59
Switzerland 1,891 8.52 222.04
Ecuador 2,839 17.08 166.18
Canada 6,028 37.06 162.66
Portugal 1,247 10.28 121.28
Germany 8,112 82.93 97.82
Denmark 551 5.8 95.04
Peru 2,914 31.99 91.09
Iran 7,119 81.8 87.03
Brazil 17,983 209.47 85.85
Austria 632 8.85 71.44
Panama 281 4.18 67.28
Moldova 221 3.55 62.33
Romania 1,141 19.47 58.59
Finland 301 5.52 54.55
Turkey 4,199 82.32 51.01
North Macedonia 106 2.08 50.89
Slovenia 104 2.07 50.31

Sat, May 16, 2020

March 2020 post:

Wed, May 6, 2020

Mistake one: opened/used Facebook.

At the end of another long shift treating coronavirus patients, Dr. Hadi Halazun opened his Facebook page to find a man insisting to him that "no one's dying" and that the coronavirus is "fake news" drummed up by the news media.

Mistake two: attempted to converse rationally with the irrational.

Hadi tried to engage and explain his firsthand experience with the virus. In reply, another user insinuated that he wasn't a real doctor, saying pictures from his profile showing him at concerts and music festivals proved it.

At least the doctor understood his/her mistake.

"I left work and I felt so deflated. I let it get to me."

It's a waste of time, effort, and life to attempt to inform troglodytes who refuse to be informed.

Halazun, like many other health care professionals, is dealing with a bombardment of misinformation and harassment from conspiracy theorists, some of whom have moved beyond posting online to pressing doctors for proof of the severity of the pandemic.

And it's taking a toll. Halazun said dealing with conspiracy theorists is the "second most painful thing I've had to deal with, other than separation of families from their loved one."

An easy solution exists: don't use social media and don't engage with the nutjobs. The effort will accomplish little to nothing, therefore why try? It's better to do the work and do something offline outside of work.

The structural factors in this case include Facebook, YouTube and Twitter, which have struggled to contain the spread of misinformation, some of it coming from positions of authority.

Twitter is the smallest platform of those three with "only" 300 million users. The size of these services are so gigantic that they are uncontrollable. And these services are functioning this way by design.

This the correct step, something that people needed to learn many years ago, but not everyone using social media today has had message board or newsgroup experience from the 1990s and the aught years.

Halazun has since stopped engaging with the trolls on Facebook, some of whom claimed that "the hospitals are empty" and that the virus was part of a plot to vaccinate or microchip U.S. citizens — just two of the many conspiracy theories that have swirled around the coronavirus.

After researching why people believe in the conspiracy theories, Halazun has come to the same conclusion: Right now, it's not worth it for a doctor to spend any time on Facebook.

"We're limited in our emotional capacity. I'm not going to spend whatever I have left after a long day of work trying to convince a conspiracy theorist," Halazun said. "They're immune to any evidence. You're not going to change their mind."

I learned that long ago.

Trolls may know the truth, but their goals are to disrupt conversations. Whackos are incapable of comprehending the truth. Both should be avoided.

Regardless of facts, truth, and reality, the whackos will refuse to change their thinking. Trolls like to inflame for fun. Trolls say things that they don't believe.

Here's a quote by someone, maybe Mark Twain, since every quote is attributed to him.

"Never argue with an idiot. They will drag you down to their level and beat you with experience."

Sat, May 2, 2020

Apr 22, 2020 story:

Why has Ohio’s Marion prison become the number-one coronavirus hotspot in the United States?

The largest-known coronavirus hotspot in the country isn’t in New York or California: it’s the Marion Correctional Institution, an Ohio state prison about 50 miles north of Columbus.

As of Tuesday, 2,011 inmates -- more than 80 percent of the population at the minimum- and medium-security facility – have tested positive for COVID-19, according to state data. Combined, that means almost 16 percent of Ohio’s 13,725 total coronavirus cases come from the Marion prison. One inmate and one staffer have died.

One reason for the large number of positive tests at the prison is that there has been so much testing there – about two weeks ago, Gov. Mike DeWine ordered that every inmate at Marion and two other prisons be tested. Many of those who tested positive showed no symptoms.

But how did the situation at Marion get so bad?

“There is no social distancing,” said Jonathan White, a 44-year-old Marion inmate from Cincinnati serving 15 years to life for murder. You can’t get away from it.”

Apr 10, 2020 story:

Apr 19, 2020 story:

Much of the increase in cases has come from Ohio’s prison system, as more tests have come back confirming that inmates and employees are infected.

Overall, the state’s prison system has recorded 2,426 positive results among inmates, the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction said. That number is 21% of the total confirmed cases in Ohio.

The majority of those cases are at the Marion Correctional Institution, where 1,828 inmates — 73% of the total — have tested positive for the virus, state officials say. The remaining 667 prisoners now are in quarantine. No deaths have been reported among inmates there. Marion Correctional’s staff has had 109 positive tests and one death reported.

Pickaway Correctional has 384 prisoners who have tested positive, and the number of reported deaths has increased to five, according to correction department statistics. The prison’s 1,614 other inmates are in quarantine. In addition, 64 staff members at Pickaway Correctional have tested positive.

From the Blade's Apr 30, 2020 story mentioned below:

Although it has the most deaths so far, Lucas County doesn’t have the most cases — it comes in fifth with 1,251 out of Ohio’s 18,027. Franklin County has the most cases with 2,441, followed by Marion with 2,196, Cuyahoga with 2,126, and Pickaway with 1,732.

Obviously, dwellings that house many people in confinement, such as prisons and nursing homes, contributes to high infections. But without widespread testing, we don't know the actual number of people who are infected because the MCI mass testing showed significant number of people who tested positive, but they did not show symptoms at that time. They have developed symptoms later in April or even now. I'll search to see if the state has been doing follow-up monitoring with MCI.

From the story:

The Franklin Medical Center in Columbus is another hot spot; 103 inmate patients there have tested positive, and there has been one death. The 393 other inmate patients there are in quarantine. Among the staff, 46 members have tested positive.

“Throughout our mass testing process, we have found many individuals who are testing positive for COVID who are asymptomatic,” said JoEllen Smith, correction department spokeswoman.

I don't know if it's known yet what percentage of people who test positive for Covid-19 and never show symptoms. Asymptomatic people can eventually show symptoms, but what percentage never show sysmptoms? These people would need to be tested weekly, probably. I assume that at some point, the asymptomatic people who never show symptoms would test negative for Covid-19. And I assume that they would test positive for having Covid-19 antibodies.

Testing, testing, testing. Mass tasting at a huge scale is needed. In addition to testing people who go to the hospital in bad shape, we need to test apparently healthy people for Covid-19, and we need mass testing for the Covid-19 antibodies.

Until testing is done at scale, the case number makes no sense. What is the relevance of the total cases for Lucas County? That's a tally since the pandemic begin. It's not a number of CURRENT cases as of this minute.

The way that the media and health officials report total cases seems misleading to me. Their reporting gives the impression that the number represents total infections now. The Covid-19 hospitalization counts and dismissals seem more relevant. If the number of current Covid-19 hospitalizations continues to decrease each week, then that seems like a better data point than the number of cases, which could increase due to more testing.

Fri, May 1, 2020

This seems confusing.

Ohio's stay-at-home order extended through May 29

Ohio’s shutdown due to the coronavirus pandemic officially continues for another month. Gov. Mike DeWine has officially extended the stay-at-home order that was set to expire Friday for another month.

But earlier this week, governor DeWine outlined what "non-essential" businesses that could open next week. Local malls plan to open around May 12.


Health Director Dr. Amy Acton signed the order continuing the stay-at-home policies in place until May 29 on Thursday.

The governor’s office on Friday said the new "Stay Safe Ohio Order,” which implements what the governor calls the Responsible RestartOhio plan, replaces the previous order that was set to expire at 11:59 p.m.

Ahh, Bach. The new stay at home order is part of Ohio's new responsible restart plan.

This was probably the reason for the new order being extended another month. It was already known that many types of businesses were not going to be permitted to open in the first phase of the restart. Pet groomers, barbers, bars, and salons, for example, are ordered to remain closed, and this was known days ago. I guess that a new order was needed to make it official.

The extension was not a surprise, as the governor has already made clear that restrictions on most social gatherings, including restaurants, bars, sporting events, educational settings, weddings, and graduations remain prohibited.

I cannot let Barney go another month with his long hair. Normally, he receives his first buzz cut of the year in late March or early April. I may have to buy my own razor or see if I can find someone to shave Barney at our house.

Under the general schedule disclosed Monday, the governor said that routine outpatient procedures may resume in doctor, dentist, veterinarian, and other medical offices across the state on Friday.

To follow on May 4 are manufacturers, distribution facilities, and construction. They must have in place social distancing, routine cleaning plans, shift rotation, health monitoring, and other practices.

Business offices can also reopen with employees encouraged to continue working at home whenever possible.

On May 12, retail stores, consumer businesses, and some services reopen while employees engage in safety practices, including wearing face masks.

The governor disclosed no immediate plans to reopen bars and restaurants for sit-down service or allow other gatherings that public health officials say can provide opportunities for the coronavirus to spread. Salons, barbershops, public pools, and daycare centers also remain in limbo.

I need to call Clip 'N Dales to verify that they have been closed this entire time. On the radio this morning, I heard pet groomers mentioned, along with salons, barbershops, etc. for remaining closed, but normally, I never see pet groomers mentioned in news stories, as what happened in the above Blade story.

I have gone birdwatching on most weekends, since early February. I went out along the lakeshore last Sunday and the previous Sunday. On Wednesday evening of this week, Deb and I birdwatched at Ottawa Park, which is a nearby city park.

The parks or most of the parks have remained open. I guess that parks are considered as essential as grocery stores.

Birdwatching this spring, however, will be different. The state closed all of Magee Marsh in mid to late March. The boardwalk at Maumee Bay State Park is closed. I can walk the road at MBSP that borders a woodlot. I can access the woodlot at the north side of the Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge visitors center. And at the moment, Metzger Marsh remains open.

Two Sundays ago when I birdwatched at the tiny woodlot, located next to the Metzger Marsh pier parking lot, an officer of the sheriff's department parked at the lot for a long time. I assumed that he wanted to ensure that people were social distancing. The weather on two Sundays ago was nice with a south winds. People fished from the pier and the boat channel. Several birdwatchers wandered around the edge of the parking lot. People fished in the marsh. People cruised around in automobiles and motorcycles, just looking around. The birdwatchers kept their distance from each other when conversing. I spoke with a couple birdwatchers for a while. Some people wore masks while fishing.

I don't wear a mask when birdwatching nor when I walk Barney. In the past four or five weeks, I have only entered the Phoenix Earth Food Co-op, Claudia's Health Food store, and the Almost Human coffee shop. I wore a mask in the co-op and in Claudia's.

In recent weeks, we have occasionally bought meals and beverages from local businesses, such as Vito's Pizza, Bombay Indian food restaurant, Whiskey and the Wolf, Ya Halla Mediterranean Restaurant, Ernest Brew Works, and Toledo Spirits Distillery.

Lucas County's coronavirus deaths the highest in the state

More people have died in Lucas County because of coronavirus than any other county in the state, according to data released by the Ohio Department of Health.

Lucas County makes up 12 percent of all statewide deaths, with 117 as of April 30 out of the 975 statewide coronavirus deaths. Cuyahoga County has the second highest death count with 112 cases and Mahoning with 80.

Did the Blade mean to make this next paragraph sound like good news?

Although it has the most deaths so far, Lucas County doesn’t have the most cases — it comes in fifth with 1,251 out of Ohio’s 18,027. Franklin County has the most cases with 2,441, followed by Marion with 2,196, Cuyahoga with 2,126, and Pickaway with 1,732.

That's why I ignore case numbers because that stat is meaningless. Case numbers have context for an area that has been heavily tested, such as testing everyone in a nursing home or testing everyone in a small town.

Marion County has more cases than Lucas County because the state tested EVERYONE in the Marion Correctional Institution. Most inmates and many employees tested positive for Covid-19, and a significant percentage of the infected people showed no symptoms at the time of testing. That kind of targeted testing inflated Marion County's case number. That number is only relevant to MCI.

If all 270,000 residents of Toledo were tested across one week, then Lucas County's case number would skyrocket. Toledo and Lucas County would be considered a major hot spot in the U.S. and maybe the world.

Far more important than case number is the death toll. Lucas County is the fourth most populated county in Ohio. Why is Lucas County leading all Ohio counties in Covid-19 death toll.

Toledo-Lucas County Health Commissioner Eric Zgodzinski cautioned that it’s too early to put much stock — at least for now — in the county’s higher coronavirus death toll, adding that at one time the county had one of the lowest numbers. The way hospitals are calculating the deaths in each county might be one factor in the county’s higher death count so far, he said, adding officials will be spending the next months to even years studying the trends related to coronavirus infections, deaths, recording methods, and responses.

Wow. This is encouraging from our so-called health director.

“I don't think we can put it on any one variable right now,” Mr. Zgodzinski said. We’re reporting as much as we can, but right now we don’t know exactly what’s going on (with the coronavirus)... we can’t even take a guess.”

And here we go again ...

“Of course the number of fatalities are important, but what about our number of infections? Are we seeing an increase or decrease?” he said. “That’s going to be our bellwether on whether we’re opening back up too fast.

That makes no sense. If testing increased significantly, like nearly every Lucas County resident got tested in a short time frame, then Lucas County would have to be shutdown harder than nearly any county in the U.S.

Increase the rate of testing, then the number of confirmed infections will increase. Slowing down testing will artificially decrease current number of infections.

Whitmer extends Michigan emergency to May 28; GOP plans to sue

Detroit Denim Co. pivots from custom-fit jeans to health care workers

Wed, Apr 29, 2020

An experimental drug has proved effective against the new coronavirus in a major study, shortening the time it takes for patients to recover by four days on average, U.S. government and company officials announced Wednesday.

Gilead Sciences’s remdesivir is the first treatment to pass such a strict test against the virus, which has killed more than 218,000 people since it emerged late last year in China. Having a treatment could have a profound effect on the global pandemic, especially because health officials say any vaccine is likely a year or more away.

The study, run by the National Institutes of Health, tested remdesivir versus usual care in 1,063 hospitalized coronavirus patients around the world. At the White House, NIH’s Dr. Anthony Fauci said the drug reduced the time it takes patients to recover by 31% — 11 days on average versus 15 days for those just given usual care.

He also said there was a trend toward fewer deaths among those on remdesivir, and that full results would soon be published in a medical journal.

“What it has proven is that a drug can block this virus,” Fauci said. “This will be the standard of care.”

A statement from the Food and Drug Administration says that the agency has been talking with California-based Gilead “regarding making remdesivir available to patients as quickly as possible, as appropriate.”

Remdesivir is among many treatments being tested against the coronavirus but was the farthest along in study.

The drug is given through an IV and is designed to interfere with the virus’s ability to copy its genetic material.

Fri, Apr 24, 2020

Resilience is an attribute that comes to mind for D’Jeana Roddy as she copes with the loss of her mother to the coronavirus — an unforeseen tragedy she learned of the same day she returned home following her own battle with the illness.

Miss Roddy, 19, was released Thursday from ProMedica Bay Park Hospital’s intensive care unit. After being in a coma for nearly 12 days, she learned that her last conversation with her mother, Danita Roddy, would be the time she called prior to being put on a ventilator. The conversation took place on March 30, just one day before Miss Roddy’s birthday.

Miss Roddy said she began experiencing symptoms such as a sore throat and chest pains March 21, however, physicians did not originally believe that she had coronavirus. In the following days, she said, her symptoms worsened and she was rushed to ProMedica Toledo Hospital on March 27. Due to her inability to breathe on her own, she was placed on oxygen and transferred to Bay Park for further treatment. She said March 27 was the last day she saw her mother.

It wasn’t until Miss Roddy returned home that she learned that her mother had contracted the virus and died while being treated.

“I found out that she went to the hospital a few days after me and was put on a ventilator. My mother was 54 years old, she had health complications including diabetes, issues with her heart, and asthma. I was told that when she went on the ventilator her heart stopped and her organs began to fail,” she said. Ms. Roddy died April 16 at Mercy Health-St. Vincent Medical Center.

Miss Roddy described Danita as a proud mother of four and a grandmother of five.

“She loved being a granny. She worked from home as a seamstress and she was so involved with everything we did. I was in the band at Scott High school and she was an alumna, so she loved coming to the games and cheering everyone on and helping, whether it was carrying the cooler or helping people hem their pants...”

"Coronavirus (COVID-19) deaths worldwide per one million population as of April 24, 2020, by country"

Confirmed deaths (absolute) Population (in millions) Deaths per million

Belgium 		6,490	11.42	568.2
Spain 			22,157	46.72	474.21
Italy 			25,549	60.43	422.78
France 			21,856	66.99	326.27
United Kingdom 	        18,738	66.49	281.82
Netherlands 	        4,177	17.23	242.41
Sweden 			2,021	10.18	198.46
Switzerland 	        1,549	8.52	181.88
Ireland 		794	4.85	163.59
United States 	        49,889	327.17	152.49
Portugal 		820	10.28	79.75
Denmark 		394	5.8	67.96
Germany 		5,575	82.93	67.23
Iran 			5,481	81.8	67
Canada 			2,241	37.06	60.47
Austria 		522	8.85	59
Slovenia 		79	2.07	38.21
Norway 			194	5.31	36.51
Panama 			146	4.18	34.95
Estonia 		45	1.32	34.07
Ecuador 		560	17.08	32.78
Finland 		172	5.52	31.17
Turkey 			2,491	82.32	30.26
Romania 		545	19.47	27.99
North Macedonia         56	2.08	26.88
Hungary 		250	9.77	25.59

Thu, Apr 23, 2020

On February 7, Dr. Li Wenliang, the Chinese ophthalmologist who sounded the alarm about COVID-19, succumbed to the virus. After sending a WeChat message to a group of other doctors about the virus’ spread, he was detained by the Chinese government and forced to sign a statement denouncing his warning as an unfounded and illegal rumor.

Santa Clara County officials said Tuesday the people died at home Feb. 6 and Feb. 17, with the first death in the nation from the virus reported on Feb. 29 in Kirkland, Washington. The Medical Examiner-Coroner received confirmation Tuesday that tissue samples sent to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tested positive for the virus, officials said.

If someone died in the U.S. on Feb 6 due to Covid-19, then it's possible that the person got infected in January.

The new findings from the model produces a range of possible outcomes for when the virus may have infected 10 people in each city. In New York, for example, the model shows that the first 10 infected people could have been walking the streets of the city as early as the last week in January, or as late as the middle of February. From there, the infections in the centers of the outbreak grew exponentially.

A Chinese citizen journalist who posted videos about the coronavirus situation in the city of Wuhan has resurfaced after going missing for almost two months, saying in a YouTube video that he had been forcibly quarantined.

Li Zehua, 25, was one of three citizen journalists who went missing in Wuhan.

A video he published on Feb. 20 showed temporary porters being hired to transport corpses of people who apparently died of the coronavirus. It was viewed 850,000 times on YouTube, which is blocked in China.

Days later, he posted live video footage of the police coming to his home. He was then not heard of until his new video was posted on Wednesday.

The other two citizen journalists, Chen Qiushi and Fang Bin, who according to media reports posted footages of overwhelmed hospitals and corpses piled in a minibus, have not resurfaced publicly.

"They lived in a factory for 28 days to make millions of pounds of raw PPE materials to help fight coronavirus"

At his factory just off the Delaware River, in the far southeastern corner of Pennsylvania, Joe Boyce clocked in on March 23 for the longest shift of his life.

For 28 days, they did not leave — sleeping and working all in one place.

In what they called a “live-in” at the factory, the undertaking was just one example of the endless ways that Americans in every industry have uniquely contributed to fighting coronavirus. The 43 men went home Sunday after each working 12-hour shifts all day and night for a month straight, producing tens of millions of pounds of the raw materials that will end up in face masks and surgical gowns worn on the front lines of the pandemic.

No one told them they had to do it, Braskem America CEO Mark Nikolich said. All of the workers volunteered, hunkering down at the plant to ensure no one caught the virus outside as they sought to meet the rocketing demand for their key product, polypropylene, which is needed to make various medical and hygienic items.

Gilead's coronavirus drug flops in first trial - FT

Gilead Sciences Inc's experimental coronavirus drug failed its first randomised clinical trial, the Financial Times reported on Thursday, citing draft documents published accidentally by the World Health Organization.

Trading in the shares of the company was halted after they fell 6%.

The Chinese trial showed the antiviral remdesivir did not improve patients' condition or reduce the pathogen's presence in the bloodstream, the report said

Remdesivir, which previously failed as a treatment for Ebola, is being tried against COVID-19 because it is designed to disable the mechanism by which certain viruses, including the new coronavirus, make copies of themselves and potentially overwhelm their host's immune system.

Tue, Apr 21, 2020

As of Apr 21, 2020

               Confirmed             Population        Deaths
               deaths (absolute)     (in millions)     per million

Belgium                    5,828             11.42          510.24
Spain                     20,852             46.72          446.28
Italy                     24,114             60.43          399.03
France                    20,265             66.99          302.52
United Kingdom            16,509             66.49          248.30
Netherlands                3,751             17.23          217.69
Switzerland                1,429              8.52          167.79
Sweden                     1,580             10.18          155.16
Ireland                      687              4.85          141.55
United States             42,296            327.17          129.28
Portugal                     735             10.28           71.49
Iran                       5,209              81.8           63.68
Denmark                      364               5.8           62.79
Germany                    4,862             82.93           58.63
Austria                      470              8.85           53.13
Canada                     1,753             37.06           47.30
Slovenia                      77              2.07           37.25
Norway                       181              5.31           34.06

Mon, Apr 20, 2020

"Man Who Called Ohio's Lockdown Order 'Bullshit' Has Succumbed To COVID-19"

John McDaniel railed on social media against Ohio's Gov. Mike DeWine's lockdown order . Weeks later he contracted the virus. A few days ago he died.

A Beloved Bar Owner Was Skeptical About the Virus. Then He Took a Cruise.

Fri, Apr 17, 2020

Coronavirus vaccine: Target of a million doses by September, scientists say

The first patients are expected to take part in the Oxford trials next week. However, it is still too soon to know whether it will be either safe or effective. Most experts still estimate it will take 12 to 18 months to develop and manufacture a vaccine.

Vaccines train the immune system to prevent people developing a disease, such as Covid-19. If enough people become immune then the coronavirus would not be able to spread so effectively and social distancing measures would no longer be necessary.

Approximately 80 groups around the world, including major pharmaceutical companies, are trying to develop a vaccine and some have already begun human trials. This research is taking place at unprecedented speed - years of work are being condensed into months.

Chicago hospital treating severe Covid-19 patients with Gilead Sciences’ antiviral medicine remdesivir in a closely watched clinical trial is seeing rapid recoveries in fever and respiratory symptoms, with nearly all patients discharged in less than a week, STAT has learned.

Remdesivir was one of the first medicines identified as having the potential to impact SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus that causes Covid-19, in lab tests. The entire world has been waiting for results from Gilead’s clinical trials, and positive results would likely lead to fast approvals by the Food and Drug Administration and other regulatory agencies. If safe and effective, it could become the first approved treatment against the disease.

Updated numbers on Friday reveal 9,107 coronavirus cases in Ohio; 682 of those cases were reported in Lucas County. A total of 418 deaths have been confirmed in the state.


DeWine targets May 1 to begin end of pandemic restrictions

The governor’s restrictions on businesses and events, and general stay-at-home order, are all set to expire on May 1, but he quoted Winston Churchill in warning that date “is perhaps the end of the beginning.”

“We're going to start implementing that plan on May 1,” he said. “It's going to be gradual. It's going to be a rolling-out, one thing after another, as we can do it...May 1 is the date. It's not a reopening of the state in that sense, but we want to do it in a way that engenders confidence in people in the state of Ohio that, when businesses open, customers are safe, that employees are as safe as we can make them.”

It's wild that this is needed:

Being able to hold your breath for 10 seconds or more without coughing or feeling discomfort DOES NOT mean you are free from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) or any other lung disease.

Exposing yourself to the sun or to temperatures higher than 25C degrees DOES NOT prevent the coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

5G mobile networks DO NOT spread COVID-19

Sat, Apr 11, 2020

Two Michigan grocery giants, Kroger and Meijer, have each had four employees die after contracting coronavirus, company officials announced Saturday.

Ken DeLuca, president of The Kroger Co. of Michigan, said the employees worked at stores in Northville (425 North Center), Troy (3125 John R), Grosse Pointe (16919 Kercheval), and Livonia (30935 5 Mile).

"'Unimaginable' pain: Coronavirus robs Michigan woman of whole family"

Michigan reported Saturday that 111 additional people have died in connection with the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, bringing the state's total to 1,392deaths.

The state also confirmed 1,210 new cases of COVID-19, bringing its cumulative total cases to 23,993, with some health experts saying the trend line shows signs of possibly leveling off.

Detroit as of Saturday reported nearly 6,400 cumulative cases and 348 deaths — up 21 deaths since Friday's report, according to state data.

Yesterday's stats for Ohio, reported by the Blade:

Updated numbers on Friday reveal 6,250 confirmed coronavirus cases in Ohio; 490 of those cases were reported in Lucas County.

A total of 247 deaths have been confirmed in the state.

Fri, Apr 10, 2020

Catherine mentioned something similar over a week ago.

"Coronavirus found in air samples up to 13 feet from patients"

Thu, Apr 9, 2020

More coronavirus patients testing positive again after recovery: report

Coronavirus patients in South Korea are now testing positive for the virus a second time, health officials are warning, following similar reports in other countries.

Tue, Apr 7, 2020

Mon, Apr 6, 2020

Officials hope local coronavirus survey can be expanded to neighboring counties

Because COVID-19 testing is so limited officials hope to use the survey to gain a more accurate understanding of the pandemic.


"Survivors of Coronavirus Face an Uncertain Road Back to Normal"

Tue, Mar 31, 2020

Mon, Mar 30, 2020

Wed, Mar 18:

On Wed, Mar 18, I shopped at Claudia's for hot cereals and a few other items, Walgreens for Barney's treats, and Massarant's for Barney's dog food, my peanuts, and bird seed. Late in the afternoon, my Stepdaughter Catherine told us that she had a fever and a headache. She worked four straight days, Sat through Tue. She's a nurse at a Michigan hospital. Deb went up in the evening to help with the kids until Brad came home from work, which was after 9pm. Brad is also a nurse, but he works at a Toledo hospital. I did not go up because Catherine thought that my immune system might still be a little weak from the small bout of shingles that I experienced earlier this month.

Shingles appeared on the right side of my torso on Wed, Mar 4 while we were in Orange Beach, AL. I contacted our doctor's office in Toledo. I started taking an antiviral drug that afternoon. By Wed, Mar 11, I noticed that the half dozen small shingle areas were fading. I stopped taking the antiviral drug on Sat, Mar 14.

Fri, Mar 20:

At about Noon on Fri, Mar 20, I arrived at CP and Brad's house to watch the kids. Brad took CP to a drive-thru testing facility, located in Canton, Michigan. Then after Brad brought Catherine home, Brad left to run errands to prepare for his drill weekend at Toledo Express Airport for the Air National Guard. On Fri afternoon, Mar 20, Deb shopped at Claudia's and Kroger's. She bought beer from Ernest Brew Works. She picked up our dinner from Whiskey and the Wolf. I returned home in the evening. CP stayed mainly in her bedroom. We were never close to each other.

Sat, Mar 21:

Deb left our house around 7am to go up and help with the kids while CP continued fight her illness and while Brad went to drill. In the late morning, Catherine received the first set of results for her test. She tested negative for influenza. The swab first went to the University of Michigan hospital to test for the various seasonal flu strains. Since it was negative, then the swab went to Lansing, MI to test for the coronavirus.

When CP informed Brad that she tested negative for the flu, then Brad had to leave the airport, and it meant the Deb and I had to observe a self-quarantine. We could only be at CP and Brad's house and our home, in addition to walking Barney around our neighborhood.

I went up in the early afternoon, but I did not know that Brad had arrived. I only stayed for a short time, and then Deb and I left.

Sun, Mar 22:

Deb and I went up in the late morning to CP and Brad's house and we left about 7pm. We watched the kids. Deb and Brad straightened up the basement in case one or both of us were needed to move into their house.

Late in the afternoon, Catherine came out and sat in the living room and chatted and held the kids some. This was the best that CP had felt, since getting ill on Wednesday.

Mon, Mar 23:

I arrived at CP and Brad's house around 7am. Even though Brad is a nurse, he also handles administration duties, and on this morning, he needed to complete payroll, which took several hours. He worked in the basement, and CP rested in the bedroom. CP, however, did come out more, and she said that she felt better than how she felt on Sunday afternoon. She looked and sounded better. I left in the late afternoon.

Tue, Mar 24:

I arrived around 7:30 a.m., and I left in the late afternoon again. CP felt much better, nearly normal, according to Catherine, except for feeling a little winded at times. Brad worked again in the basement. CP is also attending school, and she spent the day in the basement working on school work. I played with the kids upstairs.

On Tue evening, Mar 24, Catherine received the results for her coronavirus test, which was also negative. CP guessed that she had viral pneumonia. This meant that Brad could return to work, and Deb and I were not quarantined.

Wed, Mar 25:

I went back up to watch the kids while Catherine studied. Brad worked from home again.

Thu, Mar 26:

Brad returned to work.

In the afternoon, I shopped at the Phoenix Earth Food Co-op

Fri, Mar 27:

I went up to relieve Rhonda who was still bothered by a cold. Rhonda arrived early in the morning. I arrived around 11am, and I stayed until about 7pm. Brad arrived home from work around 6pm. Catherine was at work for a 12-hour shift.

Sat, Mar 28:

CP worked. Deb went up to watch the kids while Brad worked on the basement some more. I rested at home. In the afternoon, Deb stopped at the Flick's liquor store to buy us bourbon. Obviously, that's unnecessary store visit.

In the evening, we planned to meet with our neighbor Kim, who is a nurse, in her backyard and sit around a fire and eat food that we planned to pick up from Mancy's Italian restaurant. But the rainy forecast (and it did rain in the evening) changed our plans. We decided to invite Kim over to our house, but Catherine said that it was not a good idea even if we kept our distance on different furniture. I agreed and we canceled our little meeting with one person.

Sun, Mar 29:

Deb and I went birdwatching along the lakeshore. I stopped to fuel the car. Deb, however, went inside the nearly empty Maumee Bay gas station to buy coffee and snacks. I thought that the place was closed, since we were the only vehicle at the place. Upon returning to the car, Deb wiped down everything. But that was also an unnecessary store visit. I brought Darjeeling tea that I brewed at home, and I brought a bag of Lemon Snaps that I bought at the co-op on Thursday.

In the evening, I went inside the nearby Vito's and picked up a pizza order that Deb made. We took the pizza up to CP and Brad's to chat about possible scenarios with what we might do, regarding the kids. Entering the pizza place was an unnecessary store visit.

Since we canceled hosting Kim at our house, then we need to stop unnecessary store visits.

The co-op offers to shop for people. I may phone in my order, which would limit my time inside the co-op. I prefer to shop at the co-op.

Thu, Mar 19, 2020

3:53 p.m. - Our local public radio station, WGTE FM 91.3, is broadcasting the state of Ohio press conference about the virus. I think that Ohio holds a presser daily. A Blade reporter asked a question about a possible death in Maumee (Toledo suburb) that the Blade reported might have been due to the coronavirus. The Blade reporter wanted to know if this is the first known coronavirus death in Ohio. The state official and the governor were aware of the Maumee case, and they were still investigating. - Lucas County attorney dies from 'presumptive' coronavirus infection - Thu, 19 Mar 2020 17:40:04 GMT

Mark Wagoner, Sr., an attorney and active member of Ohio’s Republican Party, died Wednesday from presumptive coronavirus, his family confirmed in a Facebook post Thursday. He was 76.

Family in the post said they’re working with Lucas County health officials to investigate the circumstances of his death. He died at St. Luke’s Hospital in Maumee.

Shannon Lands, a spokesman for the Toledo-Lucas County Health Department, confirmed the department was investigating the death but said test results for coronavirus are still pending.

“We’re heartbroken but take comfort in the 76 years he had. What a life,” his son, Lucas County GOP Chairman Mark Wagoner, Jr., wrote

Mr. Wagoner addressed his father’s cause of death in the post, stating his family was “well aware of the rumors surrounding his condition.”

“Our Dad was diagnosed with presumptive COVID-19, although the final test results have not yet arrived,” Mr. Wagoner wrote. “We have been working closely with the [Toledo-]Lucas County Health Department and other entities over the last week to ensure that proper notice to those who may have been impacted was being provided. Our Dad would’ve wanted us to be looking out for others even as he was fighting for his life.”

A couple days ago, I finally managed to log into my Blade account. I pay $12.99 a month for a digital subscription. For some reason, I could not log into the Blade's site with Firefox even though I lowered all security and privacy protections. I had to use the Brave web brower to access my user account at the Blade.

I don't use any of the Blade's digital products to access their information. Last year, I created my own server-side web app to read the Blade.

I logged into my Blade account to sign up for a daily email from the Blade, regarding coronavirus. I receive a daily email from the Blade each morning that contains some links to Blade stories. Their daily news email could be done much better.

Anyway, this afternoon, I received my first Blade coronavirus-related email, I think. Some excerpts:

The safety and health of our community is our No. 1 priority, now more than ever given the current global health crisis.

That is why we are committed to bringing you all the facts when news happens. We are the largest local news organization in this region and we pledge to keep you safe and informed by bringing you news that matters to you, 24-hours-a-day, 7 days a week. We won't stop.

We have even developed a Coronavirus News Alert that is sent every afternoon to your email, highlighting all the current must-read stories and updates. You can sign up for this free newsletter at

The email continues on to mention the Blade's digital products. The email smacks of a commercial. I'm thinking that the Blade should eliminate its paywall for people who do not have a Blade subscription, at least for the rest of March. - Last Updated: 03/19/20 (Updated daily at 2 p.m.)

The number of confirmed cases seems irrelevant now or a useless stat, based upon what health officials are saying now as shown below. If people have flu-like symptoms, it could be coronavirus or another flu strain. Without testing, a person who recovers from the flu at home who might have had the coronavirus won't get listed in the confirmed case number. - Lucas County's coronavirus tests may take up to 8 days for results

That seems shockingly long, but ...

Results for drive-thru coronavirus testing in Lucas County could take as long as eight days to finalize as state and local officials are asking the public not to “fixate” on testing and treat symptoms as if they have the disease.

If symptoms match, assume it's the coronavirus. The main symptoms are a dry cough and a fever. In worse cases, difficult breathing occurs. The seasonal influenzas are still going around too. - DeWine activates 300 Ohio National Guard personnel to aid residents - Mnuchin: Family of 4 could get $3K under virus relief plan - 'Every Single Individual Must Stay Home': Italy's Coronavirus Deaths Pass China's

As of Thursday, Italy has registered 41,035 diagnoses of the coronavirus and 3,405 deaths. The death toll is now higher than China's known COVID-19 deaths of over 3,200. Earlier this month, Italy became the first Western country to launch a nationwide lockdown to contain the outbreak, but despite strict measures, the number of cases continues to rise. Italy has a universal health care system. But now, its hospitals and medical staff are overwhelmed, prompting anguished debate.

Italy is treating the coronavirus pandemic like a wartime emergency. Health officials are scrambling to set up more beds. In Milan, the old fair grounds is being turned into an emergency COVID-19 hospital with 500 new beds; across the country, hospitals are setting up inflatable tents outdoors for triage.

Other countries can learn important lessons from Italy, says Dr. Giuseppe Remuzzi, co-author of a recent paper in The Lancet about the country's dire situation. The takeaways include how to swiftly convert a general hospital into a coronavirus care unit with specially trained doctors and nurses. "We had dermatologists, eye doctors, pathologists, learning how to assist a person with a ventilator," Remuzzi says.

Some question why Italy was caught off guard when the virus outbreak was revealed on Feb. 21. Remuzzi says he is now hearing information about it from general practitioners. "They remember having seen very strange pneumonia, very severe, particularly in old people in December and even November," he says. "This means that the virus was circulating, at least in [the northern region of] Lombardy, and before we were aware of this outbreak occurring in China." He says, it was impossible to combat something you didn't know existed.

I think that's how China became aware of the virus too, via an unusually large number of pneumonia cases in December, maybe earlier. - Yes, You Can Take Your Kids For A Walk - Concerned About Taking Ibuprofen For Coronavirus Symptoms? Here's What Experts Say

Over the past few days, social media has lit up with reports, picked up by some media outlets, that taking drugs like ibuprofen to ease COVID-19 symptoms could actually worsen the progress of the illness.

But most infectious disease experts say there's no good scientific evidence at this point to support that claim.

The furor was sparked by a tweet by the French health minister, Olivier Véran, over the weekend. He warned people not to take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDS — a category of pain relievers and fever reducers that includes ibuprofen — because some French COVID-19 patients had experienced serious side effects. The warning was also included in a bulletin from the French health ministry, which counseled that patients should instead use acetaminophen, the generic name for Tylenol.

But the European Medicines Agency issued a statement Wednesday saying that while it is monitoring the situation, there's "currently no scientific evidence establishing a link between ibuprofen and worsening of COVID‑19."

Dr. Carlos del Rio, a professor of infectious diseases and global health at Emory University's Department of Medicine, agrees. "I think the minister of health of France is wrong [in] prohibiting the use of ibuprofen based on limited data," he says.

The World Health Organization is looking into the matter, says spokesperson Christian Lindmeier, "but after a rapid review of the literature, [the WHO] is not aware of published clinical or population-based data on this topic." A few media outlets have reported that WHO is now advising against using ibuprofen to treat fevers in patients with COVID-19 symptoms, but Lindmeier tells NPR that's not true.

"Based on currently available information, WHO does not recommend against the use of of ibuprofen," the WHO stated on its official Twitter account, adding, "'We are also consulting with physicians treating COVID-19 patients and are not aware of reports of any negative effects of ibuprofen, beyond the usual known side effects that limit its use in certain populations."

The questions about ibuprofen's safety for COVID-19 patients seem to have stemmed, in part, from a letter published in The Lancet last week hypothesizing the ways various medications could, perhaps, increase the risk of infection with the coronavirus. Research has shown that the virus attaches itself to cells in the lungs by way of an enzyme — angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The Lancet commentary suggested that taking ibuprofen might increase the number of ACE2 receptors on a cell, which could make someone taking the drug more vulnerable to infection.

But just because you have more ACE2 receptors doesn't mean you're more susceptible to infection, says Rachel Graham, a virologist at the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health. She's one of the researchers who discovered how the coronavirus binds to cells.

"You can have low levels of ACE2 and still be susceptible," Graham says. What's more, she adds, the evidence that taking ibuprofen increases these receptors is almost nonexistent. - Chinese Authorities Admit Improper Response To Coronavirus Whistleblower - Confirmed Coronavirus Cases In The U.S. Surpass 10,000

The U.S. Labor Department announced Thursday that some 281,000 people applied for jobless benefits last week — the highest level since Sept. 2, 2017, when they hit 299,000.

This next story falls under two categories: numskull and "I'm Jack's complete lack of surprise." - Russia goes after coronavirus in latest health misinformation push

How is this a news story? And how are the Russians spreading misinformation? Are they infiltrating the CMS apps at the and Are they infiltrating the federal and state of Ohio coronavirus websites?

Of course not. The answer is the usual way: SOCIAL MEDIA.

In the U.S. specifically, a top State Department official told Congress in testimony reported by The Washington Post last week that Russia is behind “swarms of online, false personas” spreading misinformation about the epidemic on social media.

I don't blame Russia. I blame social media users who, for some inexplicable reason, "get" their news from social media, instead of "getting" their news directly from, wait for it, news websites.

Using social media for entertainment purposes, okay, I guess that I can understand that. But using social media to be informed about important matters is baffling.

More from the story:

Facebook, Twitter and other social media platforms have not yet confirmed that they have found any coordinated, Russian-backed misinformation efforts around the coronavirus on their platforms. But last week, Facebook and Twitter did say that they had taken down Russian-backed troll accounts targeted at Americans.

Social media companies have in the past struggled to police misinformation about health care-related issues, because some of it is spread by well-intentioned people who are unknowingly spreading false information online or fundamentally believe in unproven, non-scientific cures.

The bottom line: Russian attempts to sow discord often occur during breaking news situations. With so much misinformation already going viral about the coronavirus, it's a perfect opportunity for Russia to cause more confusion while avoiding detection.

NO! The bottom line is that people should not use social media to be informed. And the media should not syndicate their content to social media. It's no wonder that many media orgs, especially at the local level, struggle to establish their brands (websites).

Wed, Mar 18, 2020 - 88 confirmed coronavirus cases in Ohio; 1 in Lucas County - Governor orders BMVs, barber shops, beauty salons closed - Coronavirus: What we know so far, March 18

The Toledo-Lucas County Health Department is investigating a potential case of coronavirus in an individual who may have recently been in the Lucas County Domestic Relations Court building. The individual may have conducted business at the court on March 11, according to health department officials.

The health department advises any concerned individuals who were in the court building on March 11 to monitor themselves and report any coronavirus-related symptoms — including fever over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, dry cough, and shortness of breath — to the health department.

Thus far, one official case of coronavirus exists in Lucas County, and one case exists in Monroe County, Michigan. - Pence Warns Coronavirus Disruptions Could Last 'Well Into July'

With the Trump administration hoping to inject as much as $1 trillion into the economy to deal with the mounting coronavirus crisis, Vice President Pence warned on Tuesday that disruptions from the outbreak could continue until at least midsummer.

Speaking one day after President Trump unveiled sweeping new guidelines advising Americans to avoid bars, restaurants and gatherings of more than 10 people for 15 days, the vice president said the administration is bracing for a severe economic disruption.

"The 15 days is about measures we believe can impact the growth and expansion of the virus in the United States," Pence told NPR's Steve Inskeep in an interview at the White House. "But we fully expect that we will be dealing with the coronavirus in the United States for months ... according to some of our modeling, we could well be dealing with coronavirus cases in the United States well into July."

Pence's remarks came as the administration announced that it will call on Congress to approve a massive new economic stimulus package that would send direct cash payments to Americans. The $1 trillion price tag under discussion would eclipse the $787 billion stimulus package that Congress passed in 2009 at the height of the financial crisis.

On Monday, a report by an epidemic modeling group at Imperial College London said that until a vaccine was available — which could take as long as 18 months, according to Pence — drastic restrictions on work, school and social gatherings would be needed.

I wonder what the technical reasons are for a possible vaccine taking much longer than back in 2009, during the Swine Flu pandemic. The 09-Swine Flu was first documented in March and April 2009. In June 2009, the WHO declared a pandemic. By November 2009, a vaccine was available on a large scale.

Hacker News thread: Ask HN: Have you been laid off? - over 500 comments

Hacker News thread: Covid-19 projects looking for volunteers --

John Hopkins data:

Tue, Mar 17, 2020 - It's Time To Get Serious About Social Distancing. Here's How

On Monday, the White House announced new guidelines for the next two weeks, urging Americans to avoid gathering in groups of more than 10 people, to avoid discretionary travel, shopping trips, or social visits, and not to go out to restaurants or bars.

This guidance is based on new modeling on how the virus might spread, according to Dr. Deborah Birx of the White House coronavirus task force.

"What had the biggest impact in the model is social distancing, small groups, not going in public in large groups," Birx said at a White House press conference Monday.

Also critically important, said Birx, is a 14-day quarantine of any household where one person is infected with coronavirus. "That stopped 100 percent of transmission outside of the household," in models, she said.

The federal government is urging older people and those with serious underlying health conditions — like lung or heart conditions or a weakened immune system — to "stay home and away from other people," because data shows that these groups are most vulnerable to developing a severe form of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.

But what if you don't fall into these categories, and no one in your house is sick? Is it OK to have people over or go visit grandma? Here's what the new CDC guidelines and other health experts have to say.

Can I go to a restaurant, food court or bar?

According to Monday's new guidelines, no — at least not for dining in. The CDC says people should use drive-through, pick-up or delivery options instead.

When you get home with your food, you could take it out of the containers, throw those out, and then wash your hands thoroughly before eating, says Drew Harris, a population health researcher at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. "We don't want to get too crazy about this, but taking reasonable precautions should be sufficient," he says.

Luckily, the food itself "is probably not a major risk factor here," Daniel Kuritzkes, an infectious disease expert at Brigham and Women's Hospital, told NPR. That's because most infections from the new coronavirus appear to start with the respiratory system, not the digestive tract.

What about visiting grandma and grandpa?

The federal government is asking visitors to stay away from nursing homes, retirement or long-term care facilities unless they're going to provide critical assistance.

This one is tough, because social isolation is already a problem for many of the elderly. But as Birx noted Monday, "we know there is a large group [of infected people] – we don't know the exact percent yet – that actually is asymptomatic or has such mild cases, they continue to spread the virus."

That includes children. A new study in the journal Pediatrics finds that 13% of children with confirmed cases of COVID-19 didn't show symptoms.

Given all that, "we're recommending that older adults avoid contact with children," says Sean Morrison, a geriatrician with Mount Sinai Health System in New York. "We want to minimize the risk of that child passing on disease to their grandparents, who are at increased risk."

Mon, Mar 16, 2020 - Self-Quarantine? Isolation? Social Distancing? What They Mean And When To Do Them

In the U.S., testing got off to a slow start, limiting efforts to isolate those with the COVID-19 disease. Public health experts now say the most important goal is to slow the spread of the coronavirus so that the number of people who require medical attention doesn't overwhelm hospitals.

If evidence holds from experiences to date in countries further along in the outbreak, most people who contract this virus will have mild cases. Still, the data from abroad indicate that 10% to 20% could end up in a more serious condition. That means if tens of millions of Americans come down with COVID-19, potentially hundreds of thousands may need hospital care.

In Italy, the number of cases rapidly skyrocketed from a handful a few weeks ago to now more than 27,000 cases and over 2,100 deaths. The rapid escalation may be partly attributed to aggressive testing, but hospitals in the northern part of the country are running out of beds in intensive care units.

Q: What is the difference between self-quarantining and self-monitoring?

There's a bit of overlap, say experts.

Both strategies aim to keep people who have been exposed, or who might have been exposed, away from others as much as possible for a period. That has generally meant 14 days, which is considered the incubation period of COVID-19, although symptoms can appear within a few days of exposure.

Self-monitoring might include regularly checking your temperature and watching for signs of a respiratory illness, such as fever, cough or shortness of breath, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It also involves limiting interaction with others.

Sun, Mar 15, 2020 - CDC Recommends Against Gatherings Of 50 Or More; States Close Bars And Restaurants

In an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus pandemic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is now advising against gatherings of 50 people or more for the next eight weeks.

In a guidance announcement issued on Sunday, the agency said it was warning against large events and mass gatherings that include "conferences, festivals, parades, concerts, sporting events, weddings, and other types of assemblies."

Ohio governor Mike DeWine ordered the closure of bars and restaurants. - Government official: Coronavirus vaccine trial starts Monday

The first participant in a clinical trial for a vaccine to protect against the new coronavirus will receive an experimental dose on Monday, according to a government official.

The National Institutes of Health is funding the trial, which is taking place at the Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute in Seattle. The official who disclosed plans for the first participant spoke on condition of anonymity because the move has not been publicly announced.

Public health officials say it will take a year to 18 months to fully validate any potential vaccine.

Fri, Mar 13, 2020 story that contained an AP news story.

For most people, the virus causes only mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough. For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness, including pneumonia. The vast majority of people recover from the virus.