Links and Notes - Tue, Sep 10, 2019

4:58 p.m.

Toledo Express Airport (KTOL)
Sep 10, 2019 4:52 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 89 F
Humidity : 52%
Wind Speed : SSW 9 mph
Barometer : 30.11 in
Dewpoint: 69 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 94 F

Toledo Executive Airport (KTDZ)
Sep 10, 2019 4:53 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 90 F
Humidity : 47%
Wind Speed : WSW 13 mph
Barometer : 30.12 in
Dewpoint: 67 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 93 F

Toledo Suburban Airport (KDUH)
Sep 10, 2019 4:35 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 90 F
Humidity : 49%
Wind Speed : SSW 6 mph
Barometer : 30.11 in
Dewpoint: 68 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 94 F

Date and Time: 05:00 PM, Tue, Sep 10, 2019
Summary: Clear
Air Temp: 88 F
Dew Point: 65 F
Humidity: 47 %
Wind Direction: Southwest
Wind Speed: 6 mph
Wind Gust: 6 mph
Apparent Air Temp: 90 F
Pressure: 30.10 inches
UV Index: Moderate : 3.0
Cloud Cover: 0 % : Clear
Precip Probability: 0 %
Precip Intensity: 0.0 : No Precip
Precip Type:
Visibility: 9.581 miles
Nearest Precip Distance: 33 miles
Nearest Precip Bearing: West-Southwest

2:04 p.m.

Toledo Express Airport (KTOL)
Sep 10, 2019 1:52 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 88 F
Humidity : 50%
Wind Speed : SSW 8 mph
Barometer : 30.15 in
Dewpoint: 67 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 91 F

Toledo Executive Airport (KTDZ)
Sep 10, 2019 1:53 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 88 F
Humidity : 50%
Wind Speed : SSW 14 mph
Barometer : 30.16 in
Dewpoint: 67 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 91 F

Toledo Suburban Airport (KDUH)
Sep 10, 2019 1:36 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 88 F
Humidity : 47%
Wind Speed : W 5 mph
Barometer : 30.15 in
Dewpoint: 65 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 90 F

Date and Time: 02:00 PM, Tue, Sep 10, 2019
Summary: Clear
Air Temp: 88 F
Dew Point: 66 F
Humidity: 48 %
Wind Direction: Southwest
Wind Speed: 6 mph
Wind Gust: 7 mph
Apparent Air Temp: 90 F
Pressure: 30.12 inches
UV Index: High : 7.0
Cloud Cover: 1 % : Clear
Precip Probability: 0 %
Precip Intensity: 0.0 : No Precip
Precip Type:
Visibility: 10.0 miles
Nearest Precip Distance: 7 miles
Nearest Precip Bearing: East-Southeast

WTNT33 KNHC 101443
TCPAT3

BULLETIN
Post-Tropical Cyclone Gabrielle Advisory Number 29
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL AL082019
Issued by the NWS Weather Prediction Center College Park MD
1100 AM AST Tue Sep 10 2019

...GABRIELLE BECOMES AN EXTRATROPICAL CYCLONE...
...THIS IS THE FINAL ADVISORY...

SUMMARY OF 1100 AM AST...1500 UTC...INFORMATION

LOCATION...43.9N 37.8W
ABOUT 695 MI...1115 KM NW OF THE AZORES
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...50 MPH...85 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...NE OR 55 DEGREES AT 29 MPH...46 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...998 MB...29.47 INCHES

WATCHES AND WARNINGS

There are no coastal watches or warnings in effect.

DISCUSSION AND OUTLOOK

At 1100 AM AST (1500 UTC), the center of Post-Tropical Cyclone
Gabrielle was located near latitude 43.9 North, longitude 37.8 West.
The post-tropical cyclone is moving toward the northeast near 29 mph
(46 km/h), and this general motion with an increase in forward
speed is expected over the next couple of days.

Maximum sustained winds are near 50 mph (85 km/h) with higher gusts.
Gabrielle is expected to weaken over the next two days and dissipate
over the far North Atlantic west of the British Isles on Thursday.

Tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 125 miles (205 km)
from the center.

The estimated minimum central pressure is 998 mb (29.47 inches).

HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND

None.

NEXT ADVISORY

This is the last public advisory issued by the National Hurricane
Center on this system. Additional information on this system can be
found in High Seas Forecasts issued by the National Weather Service,
under AWIPS header NFDHSFAT1, WMO header FZNT01 KWBC, and available
on the Web at http://ocean.weather.gov/shtml/NFDHSFAT1.shtml

$$
Forecaster Hamrick/Blake


Post-Tropical Cyclone Gabrielle Discussion Number 29
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL AL082019
Issued by the NWS Weather Prediction Center College Park MD
1100 AM AST Tue Sep 10 2019

Gabrielle has now completed its transition to an extratropical
cyclone this morning based on the latest GOES-16 satellite imagery.
The center of the storm has now become exposed with convection
displaced to the north of the center, and a well-defined baroclinic
zone has become established in association with the low center.
Thus Gabrielle is now an extratropical low, and this is the latest
advisory on this system. The intensity remains 45 knots based on
scatterometer data and TAFB Dvorak intensity estimates. Models are
in excellent agreement that the cyclone will move northeastward and
slowly weaken through midweek with the system evolving into an open
trough and dissipating beyond 36 hours prior to reaching the British
Isles.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT 10/1500Z 43.9N 37.8W 45 KT 50 MPH...POST-TROPICAL
12H 11/0000Z 45.9N 33.4W 40 KT 45 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
24H 11/1200Z 49.2N 25.7W 35 KT 40 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
36H 12/0000Z 52.5N 16.5W 25 KT 30 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
48H 12/1200Z...DISSIPATED

$$
Forecaster Hamrick/Blake

1:11 p.m.

Sunny and warmish. Cicadas enjoy this weather. They are still signing.

Toledo Express Airport (KTOL)
Sep 10, 2019 12:52 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 86 F
Humidity : 51%
Wind Speed : SSW 9 mph
Barometer : 30.15 in
Dewpoint: 66 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 88 F

Toledo Executive Airport (KTDZ)
Sep 10, 2019 12:53 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 86 F
Humidity : 50%
Wind Speed : SSW 16 mph
Barometer : 30.16 in
Dewpoint: 65 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 88 F

Toledo Suburban Airport (KDUH)
Sep 10, 2019 12:35 pm EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 84 F
Humidity : 53%
Wind Speed : SW 5 mph
Barometer : 30.15 in
Dewpoint: 65 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 86 F

Date and Time: 01:00 PM, Tue, Sep 10, 2019
Summary: Possible Drizzle
Air Temp: 85 F
Dew Point: 66 F
Humidity: 52 %
Wind Direction: Southwest
Wind Speed: 6 mph
Wind Gust: 7 mph
Apparent Air Temp: 88 F
Pressure: 30.14 inches
UV Index: High : 7.0
Cloud Cover: 0 % : Clear
Precip Probability: 30 %
Precip Intensity: 0.002 : Very Light
Precip Type: rain
Visibility: 10.0 miles
Nearest Precip Distance: Precip is occurring over or near this location.
Nearest Precip Bearing:

11:33 a.m.

Decent cicada song now. Dog Day and Scissor-grinder cicadas are singing. I don't hear the Linne's nor the possible fourth species anymore. The evening cicada song, however, has decreased significantly over the past 7 to 10 days. Mid to late August seems to be the peak cicada song, and then the song drops off dramatically at the start of September. The cicada song now late this morning is nearly continuous, but not many are singing. It's great to hear. The nighttime insect song now is wonderful too. Greater Anglewings become more prevalent in recent weeks, singing during the day and at night.

9:39 a.m.

The SPC showed southeast Michigan under a Marginal Risk for severe weather today.


day 1 convective outlook
nws storm prediction center norman ok
0757 am cdt tue sep 10 2019

valid 101300z - 111200z

...there is an enhanced risk of severe thunderstorms astride much of
the nebraska/south dakota state line and into adjoining parts of
each state...

...summary...
an enhanced threat for severe hail and wind should develop this
afternoon and evening across parts of the north-central plains,
mostly near the nebraska/south dakota line. a tornado threat exists
in that area as well.

...synopsis...
a strong shortwave trough located about 1000 nm west of vancouver
island is forecast to deepen into an expansive, progressive 500-mb
cyclone today. as this occurs, downstream ridging across eastern
canada and a closed cyclone over the pacific northwest each will
begin to break down somewhat, thereby eroding the rex configuration
now in place over northwestern north america. a substantial
synoptic-scale trough extends from the pacific northwest cyclone
south-southeastward across coastal southern ca. as the cyclone
weakens/opens slightly, the trough will move eastward, reaching to
near an axis from mso-twf-las-yum by 12z. associated height falls
will spread across the central rockies and high plains during the
latter half of the period, supporting a broad, hybrid frontal-wave/
lee cyclone at the surface over the central high plains.

a weak mid/upper-level shortwave trough -- now evident in moisture-
channel imagery from the southern mb/on border across northwestern
mn -- will move eastward across the width of northern on, reaching
western qc by 12z. as this occurs, the associated surface frontal-
wave cyclone -- analyzed at 11z over northern mn -- should ripple
eastward across the length of lake superior and much of adjoining
northeastern on toward qc this evening. the trailing cold front was
drawn initially from the mn low to north-central ne, becoming nearly
stationary from north-central ne west-southwestward across northern
co. a trough was drawn from a weak low over east- central co
north-northeastward to the front in western ne. by 00z, the cold
front should reach eastern upper mi and south-central wi, becoming
quasistationary from there across extreme northern ia, then a warm
front across northern ne near the sd line and into east-central/
southeastern wy. by 12z, the front should extend across central
lower mi, south-central wi, north-central/northwestern ia and
northern ne near sd, with much of the ne part likely having been
altered by convective outflow.

...north-central plains...
thunderstorms are expected to develop this afternoon in two
principal regimes: convergence along/near the surface front over
northwestern ne and perhaps nearby southwestern sd, and upslope
postfrontal lift across parts of eastern wy into the black hills
region. during the first few hours of both regimes, supercells will
be possible with all severe hazards (tornado, wind, hail), with some
significant/damaging hail supported by forecast soundings.

the most unstable air mass will exist along and south of the warm
front, where surface dew points in the 60s f and steep low/middle-
level lapse rates will contribute to peak preconvective mlcape
commonly reaching the 3000-3500 j/kg range, transitioning to 1500-
2500 j/kg westward across eastern wy in the upslope regime.
northwest and south of the front, long low-level hodographs and
favorable deep shear will prevail, while backed flow along and just
north of the front will enlarge low-level shear and storm-relative
boundary-layer winds. deep shear should increase area-wide from
late afternoon through evening, with forecast soundings reasonably
depicting 45-55-kt effective-shear vectors. between the latter
factor and focused convergence, the frontal zone should serve as the
focus for upscale convective growth through evening.

one or two clusters of convection should evolve from the
supercellular activity and shift eastward across the outlook area,
offering a growing threat for severe gusts -- some of which also may
reach significant levels (hurricane force) on a localized basis. a
roughly eastward forward-propagational mcs appears possible astride
the ne/sd line through the evening and into parts of the overnight
hours, with a continuing wind-damage threat toward the siouxland
area of northwestern ia and southeastern sd before the activity
wanes tonight.

...southern lower mi...
scattered thunderstorms are ongoing over eastern wi and portions of
lake michigan, in a regime of strong low-level warm advection and
moisture transport. while expected to remain below severe limits,
the downshear spread of clouds and precip across lower mi should
foster a prefrontal outflow/differential-heating boundary with
relatively maximized low-level lift, over portions of southern lower
mi. while the specific location of the boundary remains somewhat
uncertain, confidence in its development and in some related
afternoon genesis of at least isolated strong/severe convection has
increased enough to warrant introducing marginal unconditional
probabilities. the main concerns with any sustained convection near
the boundary will be damaging gusts and marginally severe hail.

forecast soundings in the nearby warm sector suggest that strong
surface heating and dew points generally in the 60s f will support
peak mid/late-afternoon mlcape near 2000 j/kg. a well-mixed/
inverted-v thermodynamic profile should develop in the boundary
layer, amidst minimal mlcinh. very little directional shear is
expected, limiting hodograph sizes, though deep/cloud-layer shear
may be sufficient to support organized multicells. convective
potential also exists farther north nearer to the cold front, but
this is very conditional on destabilization within/behind the
morning clouds/convection, and too conditional for any probabilities
at this time.

...portions of intermountain/northern great basin...
widely scattered to scattered thunderstorms should form through much
of the afternoon and into the early evening over an irregularly
shaped swath from northeastern nv to extreme southern mt, northern
ut, western wy and northwestern co. isolated severe gusts/hail will
be possible. cooling aloft related to the approaching mid/upper-
level trough, overlying diurnal surface heating, will result in
minimal mlcinh and steep deep-layer lapse rates (e.g, near 8 deg
c/km from surface-300 mb in some forecast soundings), amidst
sufficient low-level moisture to support sustained/deep convection.
cooling aloft will offset diabatic low-level cooling enough to
maintain an isolated strong-severe threat a few more hours into the
evening/nighttime hours than less synoptically forced scenarios.

..edwards/dial.. 09/10/2019

click to get wuus01 ptsdy1 product

note: the next day 1 outlook is scheduled by 1630z

8:21 a.m.

Barney is doing fine. We have walked nearly every morning in recent weeks but not this morning.

Yesterday, several COGR foraged under the neighbor's pine shrubs, located a few yards from the west side of our house.

A few hosta plants are still blooming in our yard. All of our goldenrod is blooming and looking nice.

The sawtooth sunflowers are close to blooming. Some stalks are at least seven feet tall.

The tomato plants have slowed down with the cooler weather over the past couple weeks. Today will be warm. I have not picked any more edible tomatoes. It appears that more good tomatoes exist that don't contain the bottom rot.


Toledo Express Airport (KTOL)
Sep 10, 2019 7:52 am EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 62 F
Humidity : 84%
Wind Speed : S 3 mph
Barometer : 30.17 in
Dewpoint: 57 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles

Toledo Executive Airport (KTDZ)
Sep 10, 2019 7:53 am EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 62 F
Humidity : 90%
Wind Speed : S 6 mph
Barometer : 30.19 in
Dewpoint: 59 F
Visibility : 9.00 statute miles

Toledo Suburban Airport (KDUH)
Sep 10, 2019 7:55 am EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 65 F
Humidity : 84%
Wind Speed : S 5 mph
Barometer : 30.17 in
Dewpoint: 60 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles


Toledo 7-day forecast
Last Update: Sep 10, 2019 6:25 am

Today: Mostly sunny, with a high near 87. Calm wind becoming southwest 5 to 8 mph in the morning.

Tonight: A slight chance of showers and thunderstorms after 3am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 70. Southwest wind 3 to 6 mph. Chance of precipitation is 20%.

Wednesday: A chance of showers and thunderstorms, mainly after 7am. Partly sunny, with a high near 86. Calm wind becoming southwest around 6 mph in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 50%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Wednesday Night: A chance of showers and thunderstorms. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 70. Light west wind. Chance of precipitation is 40%. New precipitation amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Thursday: A chance of showers, mainly after 3pm. Mostly cloudy, with a high near 82. Calm wind. Chance of precipitation is 40%. New precipitation amounts of less than a tenth of an inch possible.

Thursday Night: A chance of showers, with thunderstorms also possible after 9pm. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 68. Chance of precipitation is 40%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Friday: A chance of showers and thunderstorms between 9am and 3pm, then showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm after 3pm. Cloudy, with a high near 84. Chance of precipitation is 70%.

Friday Night: Showers likely and possibly a thunderstorm before 9pm, then a chance of showers and thunderstorms between 9pm and 3am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 62. Chance of precipitation is 70%.

Saturday: Mostly sunny, with a high near 76.

Saturday Night: Partly cloudy, with a low around 60.

Sunday: Mostly sunny, with a high near 81.

Sunday Night: Partly cloudy, with a low around 65.

Monday: Mostly sunny, with a high near 83.

Links

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/04/technology/personaltech/disinformation-politics-reporting.html

Tracing Disinformation With Custom Tools, Burner Phones and Encrypted Apps


this has to be a joke.

https://apnews.com/bb8c30ee6b0b4d579f1a915871b1fa80

Manager: Trump family building ‘dynasty’ for decades to come

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/republicans-in-three-states-cancel-primaries-and-caucuses/

https://nypost.com/2019/09/08/a-beautiful-day-in-the-neighborhood-is-more-than-a-biopic/


shows how scary deranged the president and his "staff" can be.

NOAA scientist: agency likely broke science integrity rules

https://apnews.com/e7a4480d33ce4040b59bd48d4b832c05


https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/9893756/remainer-speaker-john-bercow-quits-after-tories-plot-to-oust-him-over-brexit/

Commons Speaker John Bercow to stand down
https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-49639828


Running GitHub on Rails 6.0 (github.blog)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20920555

App Updates for HTML5 Apps (developer.apple.com)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20903129

Amazon Employees Pledge to Walk Out as Part of Global Climate Strike (docs.google.com)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20921717

Sunsetting Python 2 (python.org)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20915746

How to get into Y Combinator according to the founders that did get in (growthmentor.com)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20919696

Vinyl set to outsell CDs for first time since 1986 (nme.com)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20908197

Elasticsearch is a great example of a modern monolithic application (twitter.com)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20912689

Goodreads Is Broken (onezero.medium.com)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20904549

Why industry is going green on the quiet (theguardian.com)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20909500

How I decide between many programming languages (drewdevault.com)
https://drewdevault.com/2019/09/08/Enough-to-decide.html
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20914118

Grace Hopper, computing pioneer (2014) (news.harvard.edu)
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20907124

Richard Stallman spoke at Microsoft Research this week (zdnet.com)
https://www.zdnet.com/article/free-software-advocate-richard-stallman-spoke-at-microsoft-research-this-week/
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20894157

Scott Love, the man behind NoteTaker
https://joi.ito.com/weblog/2003/03/07/scott-love-the.html

https://blog.jonudell.net/2019/09/05/products-and-capabilities/ - about outliners


it's amazing how long this story has lingered, but the longevity is due to the stubbornness and obnoxiousness of prez trump.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2019/09/09/noaas-chief-scientist-will-investigate-why-agency-backed-trump-over-its-experts-dorian-email-shows/

NOAA’s chief scientist will investigate why agency backed Trump over its experts on Dorian, email shows

National Weather Service Director Louis Uccellini has also broken with NOAA leadership

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s acting chief scientist said in an email to colleagues Sunday that he is investigating whether the agency’s response to President Trump’s Hurricane Dorian tweets constituted a violation of NOAA policies and ethics. Also on Monday, the director of the National Weather Service broke with NOAA leadership over its handling of Trump’s Dorian tweets and statements.

In an email to NOAA staff that was obtained by The Washington Post, NOAA’s Craig McLean, called the agency’s response “political” and a “danger to public health and safety.”

Trump’s incorrect assertion on Sept. 1 that Alabama “would most likely be hit (much) harder than anticipated” set off a chain of confusion and outrage among the public and within NOAA. At the time, the NWS’s forecast guidance showed only a very small risk (about 5 percent) of tropical-storm-force winds for a small portion of Alabama. However, Alabama was not in the storm forecast track or “cone of uncertainty” from the National Hurricane Center, which showed Hurricane Dorian skirting the East Coast far away from Alabama.

While the NWS’s Birmingham office set the record straight, stating Alabama “would NOT see any impacts” from the storm, NOAA officials caused an internal uproar on Sept. 6 when the agency issued an unsigned statement that defended Trump’s false claim about Alabama and admonished the Weather Service’s Birmingham division for speaking “in absolute terms.” Acting NOAA administrator Neil Jacobs and NOAA communications director Julie Kay Roberts were involved in drafting Friday’s statement.

Holy cap. The regional NWS offices inform people living and working within their coverage areas with correct information. Trump's Sunday morning, September 1st tweet was alarmingly flawed, regarding Alabama. A correction had to be issued by someone.

https://twitter.com/NWSBirmingham/status/1168179647667814400

https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2019/09/06/noaa-backs-president-trump-alabama-hurricane-forecast-rebukes-weather-service-office-that-accurately-contradicted-him/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/noaa-staff-warned-in-sept-1-directive-against-contradicting-trump/2019/09/07/12a52d1a-d18f-11e9-87fa-8501a456c003_story.html

Back to the Sep 9, 2019 WaPo story:

NOAA and NWS had also appeared to try to correct the record without angering the president. According to emails obtained by The Post, before the statement on Friday, NOAA staff were instructed to “only stick with official National Hurricane Center forecasts if questions arise from some national level social media posts which hit the news this afternoon” and not to “provide any opinion” in response to Trump’s initial Alabama tweets.

The agency sent a similar message warning scientists and meteorologists not to speak out on Sept. 4, after Trump showed a hurricane map from Aug. 29 modified with a hand-drawn half-circle in black Sharpie around Alabama.

That's whacked. To support his version of reality, Trump also used a spaghetti model map from Aug 28. I'm fairly certain that spaghetti models for hurricane tracks are not official products produced by the National Hurricane Center nor the National Weather Service. The president of the United States should not reference weather products that are not affiliated with NOAA groups.

Spaghetti models are meant for social media and TV consumption. They are clickbait products. They are meant to sensationalize.

NOAA groups uses many models, but they limit their forecasts to X-number of days because the uncertainty increases dramatically over time.

Scientists attacked NOAA officials for conceding to Trump during a weather emergency, when accuracy and messaging are vital to keep the public safe.

The American Meteorological Society issued a statement of support for the NWS, writing: “AMS believes the criticism of the Birmingham forecast office is unwarranted; rather they should have been commended for their quick action based on science in clearly communicating the lack of threat to the citizens of Alabama."

In his email to employees Sunday, McLean criticized his agency’s public statement, saying it prioritized politics over NOAA’s mission.

No surprise here. Trump is beyond unhinged.

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/09/climate/hurricane-dorian-trump-tweet.html

Commerce Chief Threatened Firings at NOAA After Trump’s Dorian Tweets, Sources Say

The Secretary of Commerce threatened to fire top employees at the federal scientific agency responsible for weather forecasts last Friday after the agency’s Birmingham office contradicted President Trump’s claim that Hurricane Dorian might hit Alabama, according to three people familiar with the discussion.

The Birmingham NWS did not contradict the president. That office informed the public with correct information.

That threat led to an unusual, unsigned statement later that Friday by the agency, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, disavowing the National Weather Service’s position that Alabama was not at risk.

Dictator Trump and/or his henchmen ordered people to create a perverse reality that aligned with Trump's warped world.

The accusations against Mr. Ross are the latest developments in a political imbroglio that began more than a week ago, when Dorian was bearing down on the Bahamas and Mr. Trump wrote on Twitter that Alabama would be hit “harder than anticipated.” A few minutes later, the National Weather Service in Birmingham, Ala., posted on Twitter that “Alabama will NOT see any impacts from Dorian. We repeat, no impacts from Hurricane Dorian will be felt across Alabama.”

The actual reality was that the Birmingham NWS office was correct. That's because the NHC was correct. Prez Trump was off by hundreds of miles.

Mr. Trump persisted in saying that Alabama was at risk and a few days later, on Sept. 4, he displayed a NOAA map that appeared to have been altered with a black Sharpie to include Alabama in the area potentially affected by Dorian. (Alabama was not struck by the hurricane.)

Mr. Ross, the commerce secretary, intervened two days later, early last Friday, according to the three people familiar with his actions. Mr. Ross phoned Neil Jacobs, the acting administrator of NOAA, from Greece where the secretary was traveling for meetings and instructed Dr. Jacobs to fix the agency’s perceived contradiction of the president.

Dr. Jacobs objected to the demand and was told that the political staff at NOAA would be fired if the situation was not fixed, according to the three individuals, who requested anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the episode.

NOAA ultimately issued an unsigned statement last Friday calling the Birmingham office’s statement “inconsistent with probabilities from the best forecast products available at the time.”

That's false. The best forecast products were available shortly after 8:00 a.m. or 11:00 a.m. on Sun, Sep 1, which is what the Birmingham NWS office used. It was the lastes forecast from the NHC.

That official suggested the Twitter post by the Birmingham forecasters had been motivated by a desire to embarrass the president more than concern for the safety of people in Alabama. The official provided no evidence to support that conclusion.

That derangement sounds like something from Trump and/or his foot soldiers.

Craig N. McLean, NOAA’s acting chief scientist, sent an email to staff members Monday notifying the agency that he was looking into “potential violations” in the agency’s decision to ultimately back Mr. Trump’s statements rather than those of its own scientists. He called the agency’s action “a danger to public health and safety.”

Indeed.

Also on Monday, the National Weather Service director, Louis W. Uccellini, prompted a standing ovation at a weather industry conference in Huntsville, Ala., when he praised the work of the Birmingham office, asked them to stand and said staff members had acted “with one thing in mind, public safety” when they contradicted Mr. Trump’s claim that Alabama was at risk.

The NOAA episode is the latest example of administration officials moving levers of government to accommodate Mr. Trump’s statements. And few cabinet officials have been as loyal to Mr. Trump as Mr. Ross.

Disturbing. Trump complains about the fake news media, but on this issue, he and his loyal soldiers have engaged in a misinformation campaign.

In the NOAA dispute, Mr. Trump has also enlisted his Homeland Security adviser to issue a lengthy statement defending him.

WTF? If a Homeland Security issue existed, it was due to Trump's mistake and due to Trump no simply saying, "Oops. My bad. Good catch. Alabama is not threatened by Dorian."

Richard Hirn, general counsel for the National Weather Service Employees Organization, said what made the NOAA episode extraordinary, though, was that it was not part of an overarching policy dispute on a contentious topic like climate change. “This is just to cover up an embarrassing mistake the president made,” he said.

Mr. Hirn, who said he has worked with the agency through six administrations, added that, “Never before has anybody tried to politicize the weather in all the administrations I’ve worked with.”

Noah Bookbinder, executive director of Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, a nonpartisan watchdog group, said that political appointees served at the pleasure of the president and the cabinet secretary and could be fired at will. But, he said, threatening to fire staff members under these circumstances “goes against the norms and traditions that have been important to the government and are important to a functioning democracy.”