Links and Notes - Mon, Jul 29, 2019

5:00 p.m.

That cell disintegrated rapidly over the past 30 minutes. Amazing. It was a large cell of heavy rain, and not it's nothing as it passed through West Toledo, maybe dropping a few sprinkles but no rain.

We should receive at least light rain later this evening.

Toledo Express Airport (KTOL)
Jul 29, 2019 3:52 pm EDT
Weather : Partly Cloudy
Temperature : 85 F
Humidity : 50%
Wind Speed : WNW 18 mph
Wind Gust 28 mph
Barometer : 29.88 in
Dewpoint: 64 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 86 F

Toledo Executive Airport (KTDZ)
Jul 29, 2019 3:53 pm EDT
Weather : A Few Clouds and Breezy
Temperature : 91 F
Humidity : 42%
Wind Speed : SW 21 mph
Wind Gust 28 mph
Barometer : 29.88 in
Dewpoint: 65 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 93 F

Toledo Suburban Airport (KDUH)
Jul 29, 2019 4:17 pm EDT
Weather : Light Rain
Temperature : 79 F
Humidity : 67%
Wind Speed : WSW 5 mph
Barometer : 29.88 in
Dewpoint: 67 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles

4:21 p.m.

Over the past hour or so, I've been monitoring a heavy rain cell that formed west of Henry County, moving northeast. But the entire long line of showers and thundershowers is moving to the east. I guessed a while ago that the cell, if it held together, could scrap northwest Toledo.

Radar now shows the cell, located in southeast Fulton County, and it contains heavy rain. The cell seems to have increased in size. It's located at the leading edge of the line of rain, which means it's moving through open air.

Nobody has issued headlines for the cell. The Cle and N. IN. NWS offices have not issued any statements about the cell.

2:50 p.m.

Windy, humid, and warm afternoon.

TOL hit 90 degrees yesterday.

Toledo Express Airport (KTOL)
Jul 29, 2019 1:52 pm EDT
Weather : A Few Clouds
Temperature : 89 F
Humidity : 48%
Wind Speed : SW 14 mph
Wind Gust 25 mph
Barometer : 29.90 in
Dewpoint: 67 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 92 F

Toledo Executive Airport (KTDZ)
Jul 29, 2019 1:53 pm EDT
Weather : A Few Clouds and Breezy
Temperature : 89 F
Humidity : 47%
Wind Speed : SW 24 mph
Wind Gust 29 mph
Barometer : 29.91 in
Dewpoint: 66 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 92 F

Toledo Suburban Airport (KDUH)
Jul 29, 2019 1:56 pm EDT
Weather : Partly Cloudy
Temperature : 86 F
Humidity : 59%
Wind Speed : SW 12 mph
Wind Gust 18 mph
Barometer : 29.90 in
Dewpoint: 70 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles
Heat Index : 91 F

Date and Time: 02:45 PM, Mon, Jul 29, 2019
Summary: Mostly Cloudy
Air Temp: 88 F
Dew Point: 68 F
Humidity: 53 %
Wind Direction: Southwest
Wind Speed: 10 mph
Wind Gust: 15 mph
Apparent Air Temp: 91 F
Pressure: 29.87 inches
UV Index: High : 6.0
Cloud Cover: 66 % : Mostly Cloudy
Precip Probability: 0 %
Precip Intensity: 0.0 : No Precip
Precip Type:
Visibility: 10.0 miles
Nearest Precip Distance: 30 miles
Nearest Precip Bearing: Northwest

md 1608 concerning severe unlikely for lower michigan vicinity

mesoscale discussion 1608
nws storm prediction center norman ok
0111 pm cdt mon jul 29 2019

areas affected...lower michigan vicinity

concerning...severe unlikely

valid 291811z - 292015z

probability of watch issuance...20 percent

summary...local risk for gusty/damaging winds is apparent with
isolated/sustained updrafts, but ww issuance is not expected.

discussion...latest radar loop shows a disorganized band of showers
and thunderstorms moving across lower michigan and adjacent portions
of indiana at this time, ahead of the cold front now crossing lake
michigan. ahead of the convective band, early afternoon heating
through scattered cloud cover has permitted modest destabilization,
with 500 to 1000 j/kg mixed-layer cape now indicated.

with ample cape likely to fuel a continuation of convection as it
spreads eastward across lower michigan and vicinity, occasionally
stronger, embedded cells are expected, aided by moderate (25 to 35
kt) unidirectional/southwesterly flow aloft. with the flow
contributing to quick storm motion, along with aiding updraft
longevity, local instances of gusty winds and minor damage will
persist through the afternoon hours.

..goss/hart.. 07/29/2019

...please see for graphic product...


lat...lon 43878233 42638235 41418341 41158462 41538554 42878524
43868559 44468524 45498352 45348262 43878233

area forecast discussion
national weather service cleveland oh
142 pm edt mon jul 29 2019

a cold front over the western great lakes will continue east
across the region today and move through the eastern great lakes
tuesday morning. the front will linger over the area on tuesday
before high pressure builds over the region on wednesday. high
pressure will remain in place through at least saturday.


.near term /through tuesday/...
thunderstorms continue to make slow progress eastward across
indiana and are about to move into nw ohio. elsewhere a few
isolated showers were developing mostly near the higher
terrain. believe the storms that are located further to the
east will fall apart as we await the convergence from the
trough/outflow moving across indiana.

previous discussion...
the main weather concern over the next 36 hours will be the
evolution of a cold front and associated convection over
wisconsin. this front will approach lake michigan by late this
morning and continue east. ahead of the front, mostly
sunny/partly cloudy conditions will allow for some good mixing
over the region and southwest winds could gust to 25 to 30 mph.
guidance has been fairly consistent in the initial showers and
thunderstorms reaching nw ohio this afternoon and spreading east
this evening. have introduced categorical pops across the
forecast area for later this afternoon and evening as rain
appears to be all but a certainty at some point, but scattered
coverage will prevent going any higher than an 80 pop.

the frontal passage itself continues to be overnight on monday
into tuesday with the front about halfway through the forecast
area by daybreak on tuesday. the front lingers over the region
and will remain a source for shower and thunderstorm development
on tuesday. have a mix of likely/categorical pops over the
forecast area on tuesday afternoon, decreasing by evening as the
front leaves the area and high pressure builds into the region.
throughout the entire period, thunder seems likely with plenty
of instability ahead of the front. however, severe weather is
not favored at this time as wind shear over the region is
marginal with some capping concerns, especially on monday.
temperatures will be into the 80s through the period and it will
feel muggy with dew points well into the 60s.


.short term /tuesday night through thursday night/...
slow moving cold front will move east across the area on tuesday
night. although the deep moisture axis will shift east of the area
during the evening, residual low level moisture will remain. the
combination of another piece of shortwave energy moving through the
base of the trough and low level convergence associated with the
front will warrant keeping a chance of showers and possibly even a
thunderstorm in the forecast for tuesday night. on wednesday we will
see drying from the north during the day but with enough instability
for scattered showers and thunderstorms to fire inland during the
afternoon. temperatures on wednesday will drop back to near or below
seasonal norms. high pressure expands on wednesday night over the
region with lower humidity and seasonal temperatures on


.long term /friday through sunday/...
the forecast area will reside downstream of a high amplitude ridge
over the central and western united states for the end of the week.
surface high pressure and a generally dry airmass will keep most
locations dry with mostly sunny skies through the weekend. the
exception to this will be as moisture starts to expand north up the
appalachians and we could eventually see a few isolated
thunderstorms develop during the afternoons, mainly along the lake
breeze. friday will likely be too dry but have included 20 percent
pops for favored inland areas by saturday and sunday. temperatures
will gradually warm above normal through the extended.


.aviation /18z monday through saturday/...
vfr conditions continue across the area. this will change
through the afternoon as convergence along a trough/outflow
move into nw ohio from indiana. have the most confidence in the
western terminals being impacted by thunderstorms this
afternoon. there will be mvfr/ifr conditions near any of the
thunderstorms. gusty southwest winds will continue through the
afternoon with gusts 20 to 30 knots common.

a cold front will slowly approach overnight with winds shifting
to the west in the wake of the front. we will see thunderstorms
along the front but not confident on how widespread the coverage
will be so have placed a vicinity thunder in the taf`s for now.
areas of mvfr cloud cover should develop near and in the wake
of the cold front by sunrise. may see showers/thunderstorms
linger through tuesday afternoon as the upper level trough
passes overhead.

outlook...non-vfr possible into tuesday with showers and
isolated thunderstorms. non-vfr possible on wednesday and
thursday mornings with fog and stratus.


a trough will approach the area from the west today with breezy
southwest winds of 15-20 knots developing. given the offshore flow
we are not expecting to need a small craft advisory but some
choppiness is possible as you go farther from shore. winds will drop
back below 15 knots overnight and eventually shift to the north late
tuesday night. north winds of around 10 knots expected on wednesday
before high pressure builds overhead to end the week. east to
northeast winds of around 10 knots are possible with high pressure
over the region which may lead to some increase in water levels on
the western basin but generally not expecting to lead to


.cle watches/warnings/advisories...


short term...kec
long term...kec

9:37 a.m.

Sunny, pleasant, warm morning.

We had a good weekend, visiting my Mom. We left Toledo late Friday afternoon, arriving at my hometown at 8:45 p.m. Mom and Dick returned from having dinner at the Elks. We chatted for a while in the sun room.

On Saturday morning, Dick flew us to Urbana, a 61-minute flight, in his small, four-passenger plane that he took eight years to renovate. It was my first flight in one of those little planes. We flew around 3500 feet above the surface. I had a soaring raptor's eye view of the land. It was a freaky experience but also an amazing experience. Great views.

At Grimes Field airport in Urbana, we visited a hanger that is dedicated to WWII aviation history. Volunteers were renovating a B-17. One volunteer said that it will take six or seven more years of work before it will fly again, but it will fly some day. Guests were taking air rides in a B-25. It was a fabulous experience, viewing the displays, talking to the volunteers who worked on the B-17, and walking among all the parts and pieces of the B-17.

We stayed at the Urbana airport for over 90 minutes, and then we flew back to B'ville. Wildness.

We ate lunch at Mom's house. Then we rested for a bit in the afternoon. Then we left at 5:35 p.m. for a fundraiser dinner in Wheeling. Dick drove us. The Elmhurst house held a shrimp boil. A bluegrass band played. The food was good. The setup on the lawn of the huge Victorian house was well-done. We arrived shortly after 6:00 p.m., and we left about 10:00 p.m. Wonderful experience. The summer evening weather was fabulously pleasant.

I walked Barney both mornings. Mom and Deb joined us on our walk to the goat farm on Sunday morning. We hung around Mom's house on Sunday. Dick stopped over around mid-day to show us his photo journal that logged the eight-year renovation of the plane. He had to make some parts. Lots of wiring. Amazing hardware process. In the early photos, the plane was unrecognizable, since the plane was in pieces. The plane was a disaster when Dick bought it. He never renovated a plane before. He viewed a lot of manuals, and he had two nearby Comanche planes to observe for help.

We arrived home in Toledo at 9:35 p.m.

Toledo Express Airport (KTOL)
Jul 29, 2019 8:52 am EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 78 F
Humidity : 67%
Wind Speed : SSW 10 mph
Barometer : 29.97 in
Dewpoint: 66 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles

Toledo Executive Airport (KTDZ)
Jul 29, 2019 8:53 am EDT
Weather : A Few Clouds
Temperature : 79 F
Humidity : 67%
Wind Speed : SW 13 mph
Barometer : 29.98 in
Dewpoint: 67 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles

Toledo Suburban Airport (KDUH)
Jul 29, 2019 9:15 am EDT
Weather : Fair
Temperature : 77 F
Humidity : 76%
Wind Speed : SW 8 mph
Barometer : 29.96 in
Dewpoint: 69 F
Visibility : 10.00 statute miles

Date and Time: 09:30 AM, Mon, Jul 29, 2019
Summary: Partly Cloudy
Air Temp: 80 F
Dew Point: 68 F
Humidity: 68 %
Wind Direction: Southwest
Wind Speed: 8 mph
Wind Gust: 8 mph
Apparent Air Temp: 82 F
Pressure: 29.96 inches
UV Index: Moderate : 3.0
Cloud Cover: 18 % : Mostly Clear
Precip Probability: 0 %
Precip Intensity: 0.0 : No Precip
Precip Type:
Visibility: 10.0 miles
Nearest Precip Distance: 125 miles
Nearest Precip Bearing: Northwest

Toledo 7-day forecast
Last Update: Jul 29, 2019 6:37 am

Today: Showers and thunderstorms, mainly after 4pm. High near 87. Southwest wind 11 to 18 mph, with gusts as high as 31 mph. Chance of precipitation is 80%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tonight: Showers and thunderstorms likely, mainly before 8pm. Cloudy, with a low around 67. Southwest wind 7 to 13 mph. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New rainfall amounts between a tenth and quarter of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday: A chance of showers and thunderstorms, mainly before 1pm. Partly sunny, with a high near 83. West wind 3 to 5 mph. Chance of precipitation is 30%. New rainfall amounts of less than a tenth of an inch, except higher amounts possible in thunderstorms.

Tuesday Night: Partly cloudy, with a low around 64. Light north wind.

Wednesday: Mostly sunny, with a high near 80. Calm wind becoming northeast around 6 mph in the morning.

Wednesday Night: Mostly clear, with a low around 60.

Thursday: Sunny, with a high near 81.

Thursday Night: Mostly clear, with a low around 59.

Friday: Sunny, with a high near 84.

Friday Night: Mostly clear, with a low around 62.

Saturday: Sunny, with a high near 86.

Saturday Night: Mostly clear, with a low around 64.

Sunday: Mostly sunny, with a high near 87.


Jair Bolsonaro raises the possibility of jail for Glenn Greenwald after The Intercept Brazil reports on the contents of a minister's hacked phone conversations

Terrence McCoy / @terrence_mccoy: A Saturday in Brazil: Go to the beach. Get coconut. Open Twitter. See that Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro: 1) Just accused @ggreenwald of committing a crime. 2) Threatened him with jail time. 3) Threw in a few homophobic remarks to boot.

That's a real war on the media, and it's not occurring in the U.S.

Dozens of journalists targeted by a group of Neo-Nazi swatters, who maintain a Deep Web database with the personal info of people who threaten their views

The Anatomy of Web Components (

In Praise of Walking (

Why Hypercard Had to Die (2011) (

GitHub confirms it has blocked developers in Iran, Syria and Crimea (

Top HN comment:

US Sanctions should not affect internet services (so long as they are provided for free)1, but political pressure appears to be very strong.

Personally I find it quite abhorrent, and would cite this as a reason not to use US based companies in future.

Ohio passes energy bill that bails out nuclear and coal plants, guts renewables (

Top HN comment:

While I agree with most points, I don't understand bashing bailout for nuclear energy plants. Putting them into the same basket with coal-based energy plants is rather unfair. Nuclear energy is the only practical and CO neutral way of energy production that we have now, right now. We can dream about fully renewable energy, but we are simply not there yet, but global warming is happening now. I think a lot of "pro eco" people missing this, unfortunately.

How we send 22000 emails every hour (

[x] Adblocking: How about Nah? (

Over 500 comments exist in that HN thread.

A lot of good content exists in the article and the thread.

Hong Kong police fire tear gas again as protests test China's patience

Russian police arrest more than 1,300 protesters at Moscow rally

in the u.s. and in other countries with more stabilized, freedom-supporting governments, people will protest against fossil fuels. will they stop using plastic that's based upon petroleum? will they stop shopping online, since their goods are shipped by planes and trucks that use fossil fuels?

America's deadliest modern mass shootings

  1. Las Vegas shooting. (October 2, 2017) 58 killed, 527 injured
  2. Pulse nightclub shooting. Orlando, Florida (June, 2016): 49 killed and more than 50 injured at a gay nightclub.
  3. Virginia Tech shooting. Blacksburg, Virginia (April, 2007): 32 killed and 17 injured on campus.
  4. Sandy Hook shooting. Newtown, Connecticut (December, 2012): 26 killed at an elementary school.
  5. Texas church shooting: Sutherland Springs, Texas (November, 2017): 26 killed during a church service
  6. Luby's Cafeteria shooting. Killeen, Texas (October, 1991): 23 killed at a restaurant.
  7. McDonald's shooting. San Ysdiro, California (July, 1984): 21 killed at a McDonalds.
  8. Stoneman school shooting. Parkland, Florida (February, 2018). 17 killed at a high school.
  9. University of Texas Tower shooting. Austin, Texas (August, 1966): 16 killed in and around campus by a sharpshooter.
  10. San Bernardino shooting. San Bernardino, California (December, 2015): 14 killed at holiday party at conference center.
  11. Oklahoma post office shooting. Edmond, Oklahoma (August, 1986): 14 killed at a post office.
  12. Fort Hood shooting. Fort Hood, Texas (November, 2009): 13 killed at a military base.
  13. Columbine shooting. Littleton, Colorado (April, 1999): 13 killed at a high school.
  14. Binghamton Civic Association shooting. Binghamton, New York (April, 2009): 13 killed at a community center for immigrants.
  15. Walk of Death shootings. Camden, New Jersey. (September, 1949): 13 killed in businesses and on the street.
  16. Wilkes-Barre shootings. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (September, 1982): 13, many of them related, killed at two homes.
  17. Wah Mee shooting. Seattle, Washington (February, 1983): 13 killed at a gambling club in Chinatown.
  18. Aurora movie theater shooting. Aurora, Colorado (July, 2012): 12 killed and 58 wounded at a cinema.
  19. Navy Yard shooting. Washington, D.C. (September, 2013): 12 killed and 8 wounded at a military base.
  20. Thousand Oaks shooting. Thousand Oaks, California (November, 2018): 12 killed and several wounded at a bar.
  21. Virginia Beach shooting. Virginia Beach Municipal Center (May 31, 2019): 12 killed by a suspect who opened fire on his coworkers.